Microsoft is bringing a quantum computer to the cloud

The company will allow its cloud customers to exploit quantum computers that are operated by Honeywell and two production startups.

MICROSOFT has obtained its position by ensuring that Windows runs on a wide variety of hardware types. Secondly, the company said its cloud computing platform will soon provide access to the most exotic hardware in all: quantum computing.

Microsoft is one of several technology giants investing in quantum computing, by crushing data with strange quantum mechanics that promises unprecedented computing power. The company is currently preparing the Azure cloud computing service to provide customers with selective access to three prototype quantum computers, from Honeywell Engineering Corporation and two startups, IonQ, appearing from the University of Maryland and QCI, which appeared from Yale.

Microsoft does not declare which quantum computers are ready to do useful work. The current quantum hardware is too punishable. But like other rivals IBM and Google, Microsoft's executives said that developers and corporations should start playing with algorithms and quantum hardware now to help the industry learn what this technology is good for.
We know that we will not offer all possible solutions; We need a global community, experts say, Kstalla Svore, general manager of Microsoft Quantum.

The new Microsoft service, named Azure Quantum, integrates the quantum programming tools that the company had previously released with its cloud service. Programmers can run a quantum code on simulated quantum hardware or real quantum hardware from Honeywell, IonQ, or QCI.

Microsoft announced its new service on Monday at the Ignite conference in Orlando, which said they would launch in the next few months. The company's partners will operate their quantum computers in their own premises, but link them to the Microsoft cloud via the Internet. Microsoft has its own long-term quantum research program but it has yet to produce any quantum computing hardware.
Azure Quantum has similarities to an IBM service, the company that has provided free and paid access to the prototype quantum computers since the year 2016. Google, said last week that one of its quantum processors has gained a milestone called quantum superiority by surpassing the top supercomputer, indicating they will soon provide remote access to quantum hardware for selected companies.

The Microsoft worm program differs in that it provides access to a number of different quantum computing technologies, which may be a preview of the future of the quantum computing market.
Because quantum hardware is difficult to operate, most companies using it are expected to do so through cloud services instead of buying or building their own quantum computing. IBM and Google So far just talk about giving customers access to their own hardware.
Microsoft's model is the same as the current computing industry, where cloud providers allow customers to select processors from companies such as Intel and AMD, William Hurley, CEO of the Strangeworks startup, provide services for programmers to build and collaborate with quantum computing tools from IBM, Google and others. At the moment we grow in quantum computing as an industry that you want to try as many things as possible, he says.

Microsoft Hardware Partners, representing two ways of building a top but a different quantum computer. Honeywell and IonQ encrypt data using individual ions trapped in the electromagnetic field, while QCI uses superconductor metal circuits, an approach also used by IBM and Google.

The Microsoft model for quantum clouds can also solve problems for companies that progress toward quantum hardware, such as Honeywell or some rich startups funded, which don't have their own cloud businesses and can be difficult to attract customers. Peter This allows us to concentrate on what we best, create the best quantum computers in class, Peter said, Peter Chapman, CEO of Microsoft IonQ Partners. The beginning customers of the CLASS consist of Dow Chemical, the company that wants to use quantum computers to solve chemical problems.

A missing thing from Microsoft's Quantum cloud is the company's own quantum hardware. Microsoft's major quantum research program, focusing on less mature technology, is better in the long term but has not yet produced a chip capable of kindergarten.
Quantum computers built from other devices are often called qubits. They work on numeric data like components in normal hardware. But since the qubits encode 1 and 0 into quantum mechanical effects, like the spin of the lower atomic particles, they can switch to a third state as the overlap of both 1 and 0 at the same time. That state, unlike anything in the daily human world, allows mathematics to be able to pass through calculations that are not possible for conventional computers.

The main challenge for the tech industry quantum dream is that the qubit is very unreliable. Quantum mechanics processes are very subtle and prone to overwhelming heat or electromagnetic interference. The largest chip made by IBM, Google, and Intel have about 50 qubits. But it's unclear whether the device can be useful with less than a million qubit or not, which is of much higher quality.
Microsoft is betting on a theoretical version so far of the critical device called qubit topology, which is predicted to be more stable than the existing qubits. It was based on the control of a theoretically theorized hypothetical phenomenon, but only recently known as the Majorana mode zero regimes was named after an Italian physicist who mysteriously disappeared in 1938.

Although significant phenomena have been found, the qubit topologies of Microsoft remained missing, despite the company's claims to operate the company's top quantum, Mr. Todd Holmdahl that it would arrive at the end of last year. Chetan Nayak, general manager of quantum Hardware at Microsoft and is a Professor of physics at UC Santa Barbara, will only say that his team is performing, including the material science techniques needed to put millions of qubit futures onto the silicon plate. He said, we are so excited about the advances that we have created, he said.

When asked if Microsoft had unplugged the hardware partners they had announced on Monday or not when their own quantum processors were ready, Nayak refused. But he suggests the company is considering a similar strategy to the laptop approach, where Microsoft delivers its own Surface brand and supports competing devices. We hope to see many forms of hardware coexistence for some time, he said.

Despite the lack of its own quantum computer hardware, Microsoft has revealed a new computer chip on Mondays. It is typically, not quantum, but is specially designed to operate at cooler temperatures than deep spaces, to help control quantum processor companies hope when they arrive.

Like the current quantum hardware of Google and IBM, the future qubits of Microsoft will require almost zero cooling in a particular refrigerator to operate. Creating a computer chip can continue to operate while lying next to the quantum processor can reduce the number of control wires that need to run out of electronic devices outside the refrigerator. Google, which quantum chip is only controlled by external electronic devices, said last week that the wiring is a major challenge to the expansion of its technology.